A bone marrow transplant procedure is performed to replace the marrow that has been destroyed or damaged by some infection, disease, or chemotherapy. The procedure consists of the transplantation of blood cells, which goes through the marrow, and it increases the growth of new bone marrow.
This is a complex surgery as the blood stem cells are differentiated and they can only double their numbers. However, the cells are unspecialized, as they have the capability of multiplying their numbers, or they can mature as different kinds of cells in the bloodstream. In this article, let’s get to know more
Why do you need to transplant bone marrow?
These transplants are performed on people whose marrow is not in a healthy condition, it’s not functioning properly. This can happen from a disease, chemotherapy, or an infection. There are some other reasons such as,
Aplastic anemia, where the bone marrow stops making new cells in the bloodstream. Also, there are different types of cancers like lymphoma, leukemia that can cause this disruption. The bone marrow gets damaged by the chemotherapy.
Also, there are infections like congenital neutropenia which can cause severe infection in the marrow. This is also the reason for the inherited blood sickness, thalassemia.
How to prepare for the transplant operation:
Before the Bone Marrow Transplant, you will have to go through many tests, and these are to identify the type of cells you need in the marrow. You might have to go through chemotherapy to kill the cancer cells before you get the new blood cells. The transplant procedure may take over a week, so you have to make arrangements before the procedure starts.
- Find a house near the hospital for your family
- Get the insurance coverage, settle the financial concerns
- Settle the care for children and pets.
- Take medical leave from the workplace.
- Pack your necessary things and clothes.
- Arrange the travel from the hospital to home and so on.
During the transplant, your immune system will falter and it will affect your ability to fight infections. For that, you have to stay under the special care of the doctors, and in a place that is only for bone marrow transplant patients.
You must never hesitate to ask questions to your doctor. You can jot down the answers or bring a family or friend to do that. You must stay comfortable before the transplant. So get all answers to your queries. Some hospitals have counselors for patients, who can talk with them and give them the answers they need regarding bone marrow transplants.
What to expect after the surgery?
The success rate of blood cancer Bone Marrow Transplant depends on the match of the donor’s blood cells with the patient. Sometimes it can be difficult to find a match. The procedure of engraftment is monitored regularly, and it completes within ten to twenty-eight days.
Normally recovery time of this transplant is for three months. But it can also take up to a year, as it depends on different factors.
- The condition of the patient during the treatment
- Radiation and chemotherapy
- The match with the donor
- The hospital the surgery was performed
There will also be some symptoms from the transplant, and you may have to carry them throughout your life. However, your doctor will help you shed any kind of severe discomfort.
Gift of Life Marrow Registry Also Offers Following Services :
Phone: (800) 962-7769